Verona enjoys an immense heritage of culture and art and sin from the very first centuries of the Christian era has seen the rise of numerous buildings of worship throughout its territory, churches, abbeys, monasteries, which have increased, have been expanded, modified, enriched over almost two millennia of faith.
Today the churches of Verona represent an invaluable heritage of art, architecture, culture, history and can become an itinerary to get to know this side of the city.
We start from the Basilica of San Zeno which is the most external. Located in the ancient district of Beverara, the main Romanesque masterpiece in Italy, it is dedicated to the patron saint of the city.
The original nucleus of the Basilica di Risale dates back to the 4th century, when a church was erected near the saint's sepulcher; several times altered it has reached its present forms towards the end of the first millennium. Enlarged after the violent earthquake that hit northern Italy in 1117, it was completed during the 14th century.
In the underground crypt, divided into nine naves supported by columns with different capitals, a glass case preserves the remains of the saint, whose face is covered by an elaborate silver mask. The next church on the circuit is the Duomo, which is about three kilometers away; along the way you can visit San Bernardino, San Lorenzo, Santi Apostoli and Santa Eufemia.
Need to be almost hidden in a tiny and austere square, the Verona Cathedral is however one of the most beautiful churches in the city. Externally harmonious and high on the roofs of the center, it was built on the remains of a previous early Christian basilica and consecrated in 1187 by Pope Urban III.
The facade, divided into three triangular buttresses, is a singular fusion of Gothic and Romanesque.
From the inside of the Cathedral you enter the Baptistery of San Giovanni in Fonte, a small church from the Lombard period, which preserves valuable frescoes and a splendid baptismal font from the XII century, an authentic masterpiece of Veronese Romanesque sculpture.
Adjacent to it is the small Church of Santa Elena, built in the 9th century and remodeled in the 12th, which contains the interesting archaeological area in which remains of a church dating back to the early centuries of Christianity emerge.
Continuing a few hundred meters away is the Basilica of Santa Anastasia, the largest church and also the most important Gothic monument in the city. The works for its construction began at the end of the thirteenth century and continued for almost two centuries, until the consecration took place in 1471.
Moving along the river we reach Ponte Navi and the adjacent Church of San Fermo Maggiore. This is one of the most interesting religious buildings in Verona, consisting of two connected and superimposed churches: a unicum in which the Romanesque style blends harmoniously with the Gothic. The lower church was built between 1065 and 1143 on the remains of an ancient parish church of the fifth century; the upper church in the first decades of the fourteenth century by the Franciscan friars, who left the lower one intact and made the upper one in the Gothic style, enriching it over the centuries with frescoes, cusps and numerous works of art.